Across the African savanna belt from Senegal to Ethiopia, threats to shea trees (Vitellaria paradoxa) — the source of shea butter — have become a regional environmental concern. At the local level, land struggles disrupt social ties that have historically determined access to natural resources like shea trees, forests, and arable land. Poor farmers urgently in need of cash are cutting shea trees and reducing the fallow fields where shea regenerates. With the proliferation of shea butter products on beauty aisles globally, the growing threat to shea trees remains little known. Cooking oil, skin moistener, hair conditioner, soap, medicine, and edible fruit are among the many uses of shea (also called karité) in the savanna belt. Rural women collect its nuts and process them to make shea butter, a significant source of income where there are few other options. The shea tree shares field space with staple food crops, providing ecosystem services of erosion control, groundwater recharge, and leaf mulch. Standing over a recently cut shea tree in a village west of Bamako, Mali, Musa Jara responds to my questioning look by saying that in cutting the shea he is asserting his right to the land on which it grows. Cutting (or planting) a tree is a statement of secure land tenure. Yes—It’s against the traditional values and his wives are not happy with the fallen tree. His action, though, is in response to an opportunity to help his family with a one-time sale of land. The scene represents one…This article was originally published on Mongabay Läs mer
Kategori: Naturvård Sida 1 av 248
De kommande tio åren ska stiftelser, grundade av några av världens rikaste personer, skänka drygt 43 miljarder kronor till att skapa, utöka, sköta och bevaka skyddade områden. Det är den… Läs mer
Nearing the end of her undergraduate studies in ecology, Drea Darby sat frustrated at her desk, searching for jobs in conservation. She had envisioned a career out in the field, but the positions didn’t pay well, if at all. Many jobs were in remote locations, jogging her memory about her own fieldwork experiences. People frequently interrupted her out in the field, questioning why she was there. But they never asked her white colleagues the same questions. The barriers Darby faced caused her to reimagine her career trajectory. Today, she’s a graduate student at Cornell University, working in a lab setting. Many ecology, evolution and conservation biology (EECB) departments are starting to think and talk about anti-racism, but some don’t know what to do or where to start, leading to inaction. A new perspective piece in Nature Ecology and Evolution outlines the history of colonial attitudes, racism and white supremacy in EECB, and gives a checklist to help dismantle white supremacy in classrooms, research labs and departments. Drea Darby, a graduate student at Cornell University, checks out flies in the lab for her research. She studies the microbes found in the gut of Drosophila melanogaster. Image courtesy of Kathy Denning. “Ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation have problematic histories with race, racism, colonialism, eugenics … weaved into the history of the discipline, and that’s really important to acknowledge,” says Melissa Cronin, lead author and graduate student at the University of California, Santa Cruz. “You know these manifest today in many ways.” Representation…This article was originally published on Mongabay Läs mer
För 150 år sedan vandrade över 500 000 noshörningar i Afrika och Asien – idag finns drygt 27 000 djur kvar i hela världen. Orsakerna är främst tjuvjakt och förlust av livsmiljöer. Varje dag året om dödas 1-2 noshörningar av tjuvjägare. Men det finns ljusglimtar och hopp. Spetsnoshörningen ökar på vissa platser i Afrika liksom indisk noshörning i Indien och Nepal, säger WWF inför Internationella noshörningsdagen 22 september.
The post Hot och hopp för världens noshörningar – fortfarande tjuvskjuts minst en noshörning om dagen appeared first on Världsnaturfonden WWF.Läs mer
WWF välkomnar de åtgärder och nya satsningar för naturen som idag presenterades av globala ledare, bland annat Stefan Löfven, under eventet ”Transformative Action for Nature and People” i samband med FNs generalkonferens i New York.
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On a cold and humid morning in March, two bird surveyors stood in the dim forests of Kenaboi State Park in Malaysia, straining their ears for birdsong. From where they stood, they saw towering rainforest trees and thick undergrowth beside abandoned logging trails. The park, which had been selectively logged almost four decades ago, had had most of its matured trees taken out. Biodiversity had suffered then. But when the surveyors spotted the warm flash of the orange-bellied flowerpecker (Dicaeum trigonostigma), and heard the nasal songs of the little spiderhunter (Arachnothera longirostra), and otherwise recorded more than 1,000 individual birds in their two-month study, they knew the forest was recovering. The Rufous-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Ceyx rufidorsa). Image courtesy of Muhammad Syafiq Yahya. Finsch’s Bulbul (Alophoixus finschii). Image courtesy of Muhammad Syafiq Yahya. Such disturbed rainforests are common across Malaysia, where under state law, stretches of once-pristine forest can be marked for timber production, selectively logged, and allowed to recover again. But this approach, though more sustainable than clear-cutting in theory, has seen problems in practice. Once selective logging takes place, production forests are classified as degraded rather than virgin forests, which also makes it more legally permissible for companies to clear and convert their land for other uses. Recovering forests have been cut down to make way for oil palm plantations, agricultural land and commercial tree plantations. Kenaboi State Park, once a production forest but now under protection, is an anomaly, but also a glimpse of the biodiversity Malaysia’s disturbed forests…This article was originally published on Mongabay Läs mer
Idag den 22 september är det internationella noshörningsdagen. Det finns anledning att sörja att det fortfarande dödas i snitt 1-2 noshörningar varje dag, året om. Men dagen kan också användas… Läs mer
Hallå där …..Åsa Fahlman, global artexpert på WWF Sverige, som jobbat med noshörningar i Afrika och Asien. Idag den 22 september är det Internationella noshörningsdagen (World Rhino Day), som instiftades av WWF i Sydafrika 2010. Varför finns den här dagen?
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Sveriges största banker investerar miljarder i företag som skövlar regnskog i Amazonas och kränker mänskliga rättigheter. Det visar en ny rapport från Fair Finance Guide, Naturskyddsföreningen och World Animal Protection… Läs mer
Hours after Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro painted a rosy picture of his administration’s environmental record during a United Nations speech, Greenpeace and other environmental groups released a set of photos showing continued deforestation and fires in Earth’s largest rainforest. Speaking to the U.N. General Assembly in New York on Tuesday, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro cited a 32 percent reduction in deforestation in the month of August relative to a year ago, the country’s near decade-old Forest Code, and lands set aside as Indigenous territories — which he’s fought to undermine and dismantle — as evidence of Brazil’s contributions toward mitigating climate change. “Which other country in the world has a policy of environmental protection like ours?” asked Bolsonaro, during his 12-minute speech, where he also acknowledged the country was facing “great environmental challenges.” Aerial view of an area in the Amazon deforested for cattle ranching in Lábrea, Amazonas state on Sep 15, 2021. Photo © Victor Moriyama / Amazônia em Chamas (Amazon in Flames Alliance) Aerial view of an area in the Amazon deforested for cattle ranching in Lábrea, Amazonas state on Sep 15, 2021. Photo © Victor Moriyama / Amazônia em Chamas (Amazon in Flames Alliance) Aerial view of an area in the Amazon deforested for cattle ranching in Lábrea, Amazonas state on Sep 15, 2021. Photo © Victor Moriyama / Amazônia em Chamas (Amazon in Flames Alliance) But activists pushed back on Bolsonaro’s statement, noting rising deforestation in the Amazon and his administration’s rollback of environmental laws and…This article was originally published on Mongabay Läs mer